Keats-Shelley Prize


The Keats-Shelley Memorial Association is pleased to announce the shortlists for 2021’s Young Romantics Poetry and Essay Prizes. You can see the three finalists in each category, and download the shortlisted poems and essays, below. Because the standard was so high, we have also asked the Judges to name essays and poems of high quality that deserve to be ‘Highly Commended’.

The shortlisted entries are now being sent to Simon Barnes, the Chair of the Judging Panel, who will make the final decision. We hope to announce the winners in early September.

We would like to send extra special thanks to our amazing Judging Panel – Professors Sharon Ruston and Simon Bainbridge for the essays, Professor Deryn Rees-Jones and Will Kemp for the poems. They always deserve huge credit for their expertise and hard work, but never more so than in this year of all years. You can read their thoughts below.

We also want to thank and congratulate everyone who entered 2021’s Prize. Inspired by the bicentenary of John Keats’ death, we have spent a lot of the past year wondering how poetry can help us confront, understand and if possible overcome adversity. Reading your work, whether poems or prose, gave us enormous pleasure and considerable hope during these dark times. We hope that the challenge of writing them did something similar.

  • Listen to Turner Prize-winning artist Mark Wallinger talk to the Keats-Shelley Podcast about his life, career and how his love of John Keats inspired his monumental art installation ‘Writ in Water’, which commemorated the 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta.
  • Follow John Keats on his Final Journey from England to Italy in 1820 in our updated, interactive Google Earth Map (the Director’s Cut).

  • Any questions regarding the 2021 Prize:

    Poetry Shortlist

    Sam Garvan, Actaeon cloud_downloadRead Poem
    Katrina Naomi, in the kelp forest cloud_downloadRead Poem
    Victor Tapner, Letters from Manuela cloud_downloadRead Poem

    Judges Comments

    Many poems showed great touches and a keen eye (or ear) for detail, but the ones that stood out were those that seemed most complete, fresh and contemporary. These poets seemed to use the theme as a loose starting point, let their thoughts and feelings wander, then sought to instil that sense of wonder in the reader. The three that made the shortlist felt the most ‘complete’ and generated lively and engaging poems that said things only those particular poems could say.

    ‘in the kelp forest’ by Katrina Naomi. The form of this poem, with perfectly positioned breathing (and perhaps thinking) spaces, allows us to explore an underwater world. There is something melancholic about how the speaker positions herself, knowing perhaps that to join the kelp would be to surrender her human life. But the poem also asks how we connect with the richness and difference of the world, and how we know and open ourselves in knowing it. Deryn Rees-Jones

    ‘Letters from Manuela’ by Victor Tapner. Manuela Sáenz was a revolutionary, a women’s rights protester and Simón Bolivar’s lover. The poem relates how Manuela ended her days translating letters from “one-night wives” for American whalers. Beautifully paced and under-stated, this refined but accessible poem has succinct imagery and a precision that belies the difficulty of writing in such a slender form. A great sadness pervades the poem as we – like her – are drawn to reflect ruefully on what might have been. A moving poem, then, and one that helps to rescue Manuela from obscurity. Will Kemp

    ‘Actaeon’ by Sam Garvan. This poised and elegant poem captures the moment when Actaeon, seeing his reflection in a pond, realises he has been transformed into a stag and is subsequently devoured by his own hounds. The poem beautifully suggests a before and after moment. In a deft fifteen lines, the poem uses the image of light as water as a vehicle for literal and metaphorical reflection. By focussing on immediate experiences, the poem moves deftly from “something” to “nothing”. We also participate in the moment of change, which here is the instant between life and death. Deryn Rees-Jones

    Professor Deryn Rees-Jones and Will Kemp

    Highly Commended: Poetry

    ‘Stainforth Force, North Yorkshire’ by David Wilson

    ‘Rime’ by Yvonne Reddick

    ‘Bathers’ by Ellora Sutton

    Essay Shortlist

    Nicola Jackson, 'Moving shadows: The influence of John Keats on the poetry of John Tyndall.' cloud_downloadRead Essay
    Xena Wolf, '“Lyrical Tales and Lyrical Ballads: The Supposedly Gendered Worlds of Romanticism”' cloud_downloadRead Essay
    Jai Rane, 'The soundscapes of childhood in Coleridge’s lyric poetry' cloud_downloadRead Essay

    Judges Comments

    There was an impressive range of response in the Keats-Shelley Prize Essays with a few themes emerging across the board. Some entries reflected upon personal circumstances but many demonstrated the quality of work being achieved—despite all this pandemic year has thrown at us – in English literary studies. We had essays on gender and sexuality, close readings of individual poems, introductions to lesser-known writers of the period, and re-introductions to well-known authors. There were some sophisticated and clever responses to Keats and Shelley and others of their era.

    The field was strong and, in addition to the short-listed essays, Honourable Mentions should go to the following (in no particular order).

    Professors Sharon Ruston and Simon Bainbridge

    Highly Commended: Essays

    ‘Sympathetic Fluidity in Isabella, or The Pot of Basil and The Eve of St Agnes, alongside Pre-Raphaelite Artwork’ by Ella Mackenzie

    ‘On Descent into Ambiguity: John Keats, Charlotte Smith, and the Transitions of the Nightingale’ by Olive Amdur

    ‘“The Tale / Of what we are”: Shelley’s Formal Mythmaking in Alastor’ by Shellie Hester Audley

    ‘More than a Muse: Keats and the Feminine’ by Theresa Sowerby

    ‘“A troubled stream from a pure source”: the Promethean legacy in the works of Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley and Lord Byron by Martin Vaux

    ‘A Tangible Darkness: Demogorgon, Dominion, and Doom’ by Lauren Schenkman

    ‘Edinburgh-Replies: A Genre’ by David O’Hanlon-Alexandra

    ‘Catastrophizing Time and Literary Form in Mary Shelley’s The Last Man’ by Jingsi Shen


    • Chair of Judges

      Simon Barnes

      Simon Barnes is an award-winning journalist, writer and novelist. In a 32-year career at The Times, he wrote mainly about sports, covering seven Olympics, five World Cups, a Superbowl and the World Chess Championship. His profiles included everyone from David Beckham to Red Rum, his publications range from novels about Hong Kong to a biography about England off-spinner Phil Edmunds. It was Simon’s talent for elegantly encapsulating the drama simmering underneath the action and within the players that won him readers, admiration and awards: ‘With Sampras the beauty was subtle, the tactics and execution obvious. With Federer, it was exactly the other way around,’ as he wrote in his 2018 career-spanning retrospective, Epic.

      In addition to becoming The Times’ Chief sportswriter in 2002, Simon wrote columns about wildlife and birdwatching. These ushered in his second act as a writer of the natural world. Notable titles include Flying in the Face of Nature (1990), the bestselling How to be a Bad Birdwatcher (2004), and has continued with 2016’s The Meaning of Birds, Rewild Yourself (2018) and most recently On the Marsh: A Year Surrounded by Wildness and Wet. Simon was born in Bristol and grew up in London, returning to his birthplace to read English at Bristol University. In 2007, the university awarded him an honorary doctorate.

      Listen to Simon consider what nightingales meant to John Keats and John Clare at the Keats-Shelley Podcast

      Simon’s website is here.

      Follow him on Twitter.

    • Poetry Judges

      Professor Deryn Rees-Jones

      Professor Deryn Rees-Jones was born in Liverpool with family links to North Wales, where she later studied English at the University of Bangor, before completing a literature PhD at Birkbeck College, University of London. She is Professor of Poetry at the University of Liverpool.

      She won an Eric Gregory award in 1993 and ‘The Memory Tray’ (Seren, 1995) was shortlisted for the Forward Prize for Best First Collection. Her other works are ‘Signs Round a Dead Body’ (Seren, 1998), ‘Quiver’ (Seren, 2004), and a groundbreaking critical study of twentieth-century women’s poetry, ‘Consorting with Angels’ (Bloodaxe, 2005), which was published alongside her accompanying anthology ‘Modern Women Poets’ (Bloodaxe, 2005). Deryn’s selected poems, ‘What It’s Like to Be Alive’, was published in 2016 and is a Poetry Book Society Special Commendation.

      In 2004 Deryn was named as one of Mslexia’s ‘top ten’ women poets of the decade, as well as being chosen as one of the Poetry Book Society’s Next Generation poets. In 2010 she received a Cholmondeley Award from the Society of Authors. ‘Burying the Wren’ was published in 2012; it was a Poetry Book Society Recommendation, and shortlisted for the TS Eliot Prize and a Times Literary Supplement book of the year.

      A regular collaborator with contemporary artists, her most recent work is ‘And You, Helen’ (Seren, 2014), a book and animated poem made with the artist Charlotte Hodes about the wife and widow of the poet Edward Thomas. She recently won a prestigious Leverhulme Research Fellowship.

      Her current projects include working on a book about the literary narratives which inform the pictures of the artist Paula Rego, which is forthcoming from Thames and Hudson. Other smaller projects include essays on the uses of repetition in the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop, on poemfilms, and end-of-life writing. She is the editor of the new Pavilion Poetry series, for Liverpool University Press. She also co-directs the University of Liverpool’s Centre for New andInternational Writing (

      Deryn has considerable experience as a poetry judge, including the National Poetry Competition, the T.S. Eliot Prize, the Costa Prize (Poetry) and every two years chair the judging panel for the English Association’s Michael Murphy Poetry Prize for a best first collection of poetry.

      Deryn’s most recent book is Paula Rego: The Art of Story, the first full-length survey of one of the most distinctive and important modern artists.

      Visit Deryn’s website here.

      Her profile page at the University of Liverpool is here.

    • Will Kemp

      Will Kemp has won the Keats-Shelley Prize (2016), the Cinnamon Pamphlet Competition (2014), the Debut Collection Award (2010), the Envoi International (2010) and the Cinnamon Short Story Award (2015). He has also been runner-up in the Keats-Shelley Prize (2013) and the Poetry Society’s Stanza Competition (2011), and highly commended in other competitions, including the Bridport and the Plough. Will regards a commendation in the Keats-Shelley Prize 2006 as the turning point in his writing career since it spurred him on during a time of self-doubt.

      Cinnamon Press has published his collections to date, Nocturnes (2011), Lowland (2013) and The Painters Who Studied Clouds (2016), as well as his award-winning pamphlet, The Missing Girl (2015). His poems have been published in various journals, including: Ambit, Envoi, The Guardian, The Interpreter’s House, Iota, Magma, The North, Obsessed with Pipework, Orbis, Other Poetry, Poetry News, Poetry Scotland, The Rialto, The Times and Smith’s Knoll.

    • Essay Judges

      Professor Sharon Ruston

      Professor Sharon Ruston is a long-standing Judge of the Prize essays. She is Professor of English Literature at the University of Lancaster, having previously taught at Bangor, Keele and Salford.

      Her research specialism concerns the relations between the literature, science and medicine of the Romantic period, 1780-1820. Her first book, Shelley and Vitality (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), explored the medical and scientific contexts which inform Shelley’s concept of vitality in his major poetry. Since then, she has worked on Mary Wollstonecraft’s interest in natural history, William Godwin’s interest in mesmerism, and Humphry Davy’s writings on the sublime. These form chapters of her most recent book, Creating Romanticism: Case Studies in the Literature, Science, and Medicine of the 1790s (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

      In 2020, Sharon published (with Tim Fulford) the four volume Collected Letters of Sir Humphry Davy and his Circle with Oxford University Press. Read a Q&A with Sharon and Professor Fulford at the BARS Blog.

      Visit Sharon’s profile page at the University of Lancaster here.

    • Professor Simon Bainbridge

      Professor Simon Bainbridge is a long-standing Judge of the Prize essays. He teaches and writes at the University of Lancaster.

      His main research interest is in the relationship between the writing of the Romantic period and its historical context. He is the author of Napoleon and English Romanticism (Cambridge University Press, 1995) and British Poetry and the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (Oxford University Press, 2003) and the editor of Romanticism: A Sourcebook. He has published in journals such as Romanticism, Romanticism on the Net and The Byron Journal and has written essays and entries for An Oxford Companion to The Romantic Age: British Culture 1776-1832, Romanticism: An Oxford Guide, The Blackwell Companion to European Romanticism, and The Oxford Handbook to English Literature and Theology. Among other current projects he is working on the literature and culture of mountaineering in the Romantic period.

      Visit Simon’s profile page at the University of Lancaster here.